Water is one of the most important components used in all type of industry. It is used in many processes of Industry. It may be used for washing, cooling, Heat Exchanging, condensing the steam etc. But Water used in industry is not totally consumed. Hence, almost all industries generate waste water from industries that needs serious action. So, improper discharge of waste water can pollute local Environment. In many manufacturing Industries, by-product can be treated as waste water called “Effluent” should be treated before it release into the environment. The effluent treatment plant is designed to treat the effluent i.e. Wastewater recycling coming from different areas of the plant.
Effluent treatment plant is an outflow of water or gas from a natural body of water, or from a human made structure. Effluent, in engineering, is the stream exiting a chemical reactor. Effluent is defined as Treated or Untreated Waste water that flows out of a treatment plant, sewage, or industrial outlet. So this treatment of waste water i.e. untreated effluent is turned into Treated Effluent with the help of Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) sometimes it is also called as Sewage treatment Plant (STP). Clean water then is safely discharge into Environment.